An adrenal nodule
8 year old male was running in the street when he got hit by a car. He had immediate onset of abdominal and back pain, and was brought to the emergency department. A CT scan was obtained. A 3.9 x 2.2 cm right adrenal "nodule" was discovered. Attenuation of the nodule was about 46 HU.
On spectral analysis, the nodule attenuation remains same on virtual non-contrast, and there is no iodine uptake in the nodule. This is diagnostic of an adrenal hematoma, and does not require any further workup.
Spectral CT very elegantly problem-solves in trauma scans, just as in any other scans, and increases radiologist confidence. It is also a great teaching tool to demonstrate to residents a diagnosis that may be obvious to those of us with experience, but may not be so obvious to someone starting out.